國際衝浪總會宣布今年將舉辦首屆世界帕林匹克衝浪錦標賽<賽事籌辦進度>

國際衝浪總會(ISA)宣布,今年將主辦首屆世界帕林匹克衝浪錦標賽,以進一步提升這項運動納入帕運會的前景與機會。首屆世界帕林匹克衝浪錦標賽,預計 9 月 25 日至 27 日在加州拉荷亞(La Jolla)舉行,它是國際衝浪總會 2015 年世界錦標系列賽的 8 種國際競賽之一。

去年 10 月在無異議情況下當選國際衝浪總會的阿根廷籍會長亞奎爾(Fernando Aguerre)表示,人造波浪技術是衝浪運動進軍奧運「最重要的決定因素」。亞奎爾預計,這項新技術可以讓全球任何地方都可以製造出符合競賽標準的人造波浪,進而讓內陸湖泊也能舉辦衝浪比賽,使衝浪運動取得進一步發展。國際衝浪總會2015年賽事行事曆中的另一場重大賽事,則是預計於10 月 11 日至 18 日在加州舉行的 VISSLA 世界青少年衝浪錦標賽,這也是系列賽自 2006 年以來首次重返美國。

 

遊艇進出商港免預報 交通部修正商港港務管理規則

交通部昨(十六)日修正商港港務管理規則第3條第5項規定,對於未使用商港船席的遊艇、而且沒有涉入出境行為,其進出港就不適用同條第1項及第4項有關預報的規定。

交通部說明,目前遊艇進入商港(含商港船席及漁港泊位),都應該向航政監理單位申請預報,並依停泊需求向商港或漁港的港口經管單位申請船席,才可以入港。出港前,也應向航政監理單位預報,並繳交相關費用給港口經營管理單位,以及向行政海巡署安檢所報備,經信號臺收到放行通知,才可以離港。

但是交通部也指出,遊艇進入漁港的遊艇泊位及遊艇港前,只需要向港口管理單位申請船席,就可以入港,出港時,則繳交相關費用給港口管理單位,並向海巡署安檢所報備,就可以離港。並指出,考量到我國商港港區範圍內,在基隆港及高雄港有漁港共存情形,而目前漁船進出商港共用航道,不用向航政監理單位預報,且遊艇進出漁港及遊艇港的申請程序,相對於商港較為簡便,基於遊艇進出港管理的一致性及促進遊艇活動發展的考量,所以修正商港港務管理規則第3條第5項的規定。

 

英國半數國小學童無法完成25公尺游泳距離

英國每日電訊報2014/11/05報導。英國業餘游泳協會(ASA)調查發現,儘管游泳是英國學校體育的重要必修課程,溺斃卻是英國意外死亡的主因之一,而且英國仍有約45%的7至11歲學童,無法自力游完25公尺距離。調查顯示6.6%的英國小學,小三至小六完全不上游泳課,整個學年平均只花10小時學習游泳,時數未達ASA建議每年至少25個小時的一半,令人憂心。

學校一向以預算不足及課程太緊湊為理由,減少游泳課。英國業餘游泳協會代理會長比芙里奇(Ashley Beaverridge)強調,游泳雖然已是全國強制性課程,但全英國仍有近1,300所小學不上游泳課。另一方面,據英國全國體育課程計畫,所有學校必須在第一階段或第二階段提供游泳訓練,特別應該教導學童:

1)讓他們有能力並有自信且熟練地完成25公尺以上的游泳距離。

2)有效運用不同的游泳姿勢(如狗爬式、仰式與蛙式)。

3) 在不同水域情況下進行安全的自救。

游得更好;成績更佳<運動訓練規劃>

Ironman網站2014/9/15報導。游泳佔鐵人三項比賽總計花費時間不到1成,但水中的短暫時間,卻會產生廣泛的影響。游泳項目是整個鐵人三項比賽中,唯一可以節省體力以便隨後利用的部分。想要讓游泳成績更好,關鍵在練習適應於開放水域游泳。
賽前練習結束前,規律的鼻式呼吸同時想像最佳游泳姿勢,有助加強腦部及肌肉的印象,並紓解壓力。比賽游泳時,可激勵自己嘗試游出比對手水花更小的划手姿勢,有助避免焦慮,同時節省體力。另外,想像游泳只是整個賽事的暖身,可以減少必需游出好成績的壓力。在比賽開始前,事先選擇在划水過程中的某階段姿勢以便於賽中精準鎖定,容易緊張的新手,可選擇專注於:

1)維持「無重量」或中立的頭部姿勢

2)利用手指切出一道水痕,進水時利用上臂完整划水

3)在不製造水泡情況下伸展手臂。划水時小心翼翼不要產生水泡,也可以免除自信心的動搖。如果能在練習時先進行演練,效果會更好。

Swim Well, Race Better

Swim Well, Race Better – IRONMAN.com | Official Site of IRONMAN, IRONMAN 70.3, 5i50, Iron Girl and IRONKIDS | Triathlon Races | Official IRONMAN Merchandise | IRONMAN World Championship in Kona, Hawaii

The swim is the key to a calm and composed race. Here’s how to exit the water running.

by Terry Laughlin

Newsflash: swimming accounts for 10 percent or less of your total time spent competing in a triathlon. The 90 percent of the race that happens on dry land has far more potential to influence your outcome, in time or placement.

That short time spent in the water, however, makes up for itself with its broad influence. Let’s look at the two main areas where your swim starts to impact the rest of your race.

Stress

The swim experience can be stressful—particularly for a first-timer—and take away much of the pleasure of the overall experience. This happens because either a) you feel unable to exert control of your body, or b) you feel deeply vulnerable—trapped in a sea of densely-packed bodies in deep water. The resulting anxiety and panic will leave you needing to clear adrenaline from your bloodstream once you’re back on land when you’d be better to just send fuel to your muscles—not much fun and not good for your ability to ride.

Maximize your open-water comfort

Meditate on success. Calm pre-race jitters (and block out nervous chatter around you) by doing slow, controlled nose-breathing while visualizing your best form. Nose breathing is a stress-reduction technique. Combining it with visualization primes your brain and muscles to turn visualization into reality.  You’re best to practice this before race day—ideally at the end of the lane before practice sessions.

Be the quiet center. If you find yourself in the middle of a splashy pack, turn it into a game. Observe the strokes of those around you and strive to swim with the quietest, most leisurely, stroke of anyone around you. Strategies that insulate you from anxiety and help you feel in control of your swim will also help conserve energy for the bike and run.

Energy

Even if you finish the swim without having felt anxiety, you might have worked so hard that you feel drained for much of the race.

This is because you’ve got a finite number of heartbeats to spend, so to speak, over the course of the cumulative time it takes to complete the event. On land—because of gravity, heat and hills—there will be many times when you’ll have little choice but to expend more energy. The water is the only part of the race where saving this energy to spend later is a viable option. It’s also the most strategic option for any triathlete who did not grow up swimming competitively, because, while it takes only a little more energy to run a little faster, it takes a LOT more energy to swim a little faster.

The key to success in running and cycling is training to get in better shape. The key to optimizing your swim performance, however, is to practice in ways that address the open-water swim.

Minimize your energy output

Swim as a warmup. Imagine that the race actually begins as you mount your bike, that you will simply swim to the start as a warmup.  Forming a conscious intention that you will not race during the swim can remove performance pressure. Include swimming at a gentle warmup pace in your visualization. Do entire practices at warmup pace leading up to the race so you’re extra familiar with it—making your visualization all the more realistic.

Choose a focal point. Before the race, choose a specific aspect of your stroke for laser focus. Good choices for nervous newbies include (i) Maintain a ‘weightless’ or neutral head position; (ii) Cut a ‘slot’ with fingers and slide your forearm through on entry; and (iii) Extend your arm without bubbles. Mindfully eliminating bubbles in your stroke also eliminates self-doubt. This also works best if rehearsed in practice.

And, finally, keep a smile on your face throughout the swim as practice for the big smile you’ll display as you high-step out of the water on your way into T1.

Terry Laughlin is the founder of Total Immersion coaching: “Swimming that Changes Your Life.”

Originally from: http://www.ironman.com/triathlon/news/articles/2014/09/swim-impact-on-whole-race.aspx#ixzz3H8hEzFmI

人造浪技術有助衝浪納入奧運賽程

國際衝浪總會(ISA)會長艾魁爾(Fernando Aguerre)表示,為使衝浪運動納入奧運,過去幾年已經除去多項障礙,此刻是衝浪運動歷來離奧運最近的時候。科技的進展帶領衝浪接近加入奧運的夢想,尤其是人造海浪技術的進步,使這項運動更容易進行。儘管人造浪技術已存在一段時日,艾魁爾認為,要先確定機器確實可以完全複製真實的海浪效果,再向IOC正式提案。艾魁爾強調,新技術不但降低人造海浪的成本,也可裝置於多功能的游泳池。